Your child will now be building on those early reading skills and developing confidence in reading more broadly and fluently. These top tips will help you to keep a good balance between reading for enjoyment across a range of interests and developing the skills to help your child read with even more confidence and efficiency.
Tip 1: It’s still good to share
Don’t give up on talking about picture books, short chapter books and even sharing bedtime stories and information books with your child. Choose what to read together and exchange views. Sharing a love of reading will rub off on them!
Tip 2: Take the lead
Try reading slightly more difficult books together – you read one page and your child reads the next, or you read the main information and they read the captions. Hearing you read fluently and seeing you read for information will help them to see what reading can be.
Tip 3: Encourage an opinion
Talk about books when you’ve finished reading together. Talk about the characters and what happens in a story, or what specific bit of information was most useful, but also get them to give you their opinions too. Let them tell you if they don’t like a book, and why. It’s OK not to like some books or to prefer reading on-screen sometimes!
Tip 4: Make links
As well as talking about the book itself, make links between events or information in the book and your child’s own experiences: ‘Do you remember when we did that ...?’. Get them to ask questions too: ‘Is that how Grandad does it too?’.
Tip 1: It’s still important to listen
Your child may be bringing home slightly longer books from school now, but they are still likely to be part of a structured programme and levelled in difficulty so teachers can match the best books to your child’s skills. It should be a comfortable read – endless struggling is no fun and can put children off! Enjoy talking about it together too.
Tip 2: Still phonics first
It’s still good to begin with a phonics first approach when your child gets stuck on a word. But now you may also try different tactics too. For example, get them to say the first sound of the word, or break it into chunks or read the whole sentence again, focusing on the meaning.
Tip 3: Try chunking
Sometimes your child will still need to work out an unfamiliar word sound by sound, but increasingly it might be easier to look at the chunks or syllables in a word, for example camp-ing or butt-er-fly. Help them to do this.
Tip 4: Spot letter patterns in words
Ask your child to point out words that look like they should rhyme but don’t: home and come; do and no. And words which do rhyme even though they look different: come and sum; there, bear, hair. This will help with their writing too.
Tip 5: Get your child to perform
When your child reads aloud encourage lots of expression and get them to use different voices for the different characters or to use different volume or pace. Reading to a younger sibling might demand this and is great practice! Or get them to try learning a poem off by heart. And making a sound recording is fun too.
Tip 6: Quiet time and silent reading
As well as reading books aloud together, encourage your child to sometimes read alone and sometimes silently. This isn’t as easy as it sounds, but it shows that your child is reading more effortlessly. Show how you read your own book or newspaper silently.
Questions to ask your child during and after reading
It is important that your child understands the book they have read, along with being able to read the words. It is good to ask a 3 or 4 questions about the text they have read to check their understanding.
- Where does the story take place?
- When did the story take place?
- What did he/she look like?
- Where did he/she live?
- Who are the key characters in the book?
- What happened in the story?
- What kinds of people are in the story?
- What is happening at this point in the story?
- Which stories have openings like this?
- Do you know any other texts with similar issues or themes?
- Do you know another story with these characters in?
- Do you know any more stories like this?
- Have you ever read a book with a similar theme to this one?
- What does this remind you of?
- What does it make you think of?
- Do you know any more stories like this